Bee Changes

The following original publications are available at

Szabo, T.I. and Lefkovitch, L.P. 1988. Fourth generation of closed population honeybee breeding. 2. Relationship between morphological and colony traits. Apidologie 19(3): 259-274. [article]

Szabo, T.I. and Lefkovitch, L.P. 1989. Effect of brood production and population size on honey production of honeybee colonies in Alberta, Canada. Apidologie 20(2): 157-163. [article]

Szabo, T.I. 1990 Morphometric characteristics of Apis cerana from Sri Lanka. Apidologie 21(6): 505-509. [abstract] [article]

Szabo, T.I. and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1992. Heritability of colour patterns in a closed population of honey bees. Apidologie 23: 151-159. [abstract] [article]

Bee Venerable

“Man’s relationship with honeybees is as ancient as man himself.”

I discovered many sites while investigating beekeeping in ancient times and want to share a couple of them.

Honey bees in art date back to the Paleolithic era. You can see a Paleolithic cave painting on

“When the Sun weeps a second time, and lets fall water from his eyes, it is changed into working bees; they work in the flowers of each kind, and honey and wax are produced instead of water.”

– From first millennium BCE text by S. Birch, Egyptian Magical Text, in S. Birch ed., Records of the Past, Vol.6, 1876, pSalt 825,